THE UNBIBLICAL BOOK OF ENOCH – SIMPLY EXPLAINED

While the book of Enoch is interesting to read, it is important to note that the book is NOT SCRIPTURE as it is not inspired by God. The book was however, quoted in the Apocryphal book of Baruch. Some of what the Apocrypha says is true and correct, but at the same time, much of it is false and historically inaccurate. If you read these books, you have to treat them as interesting but fallible historical documents, not as the inspired, authoritative Word of God.

The book of Enoch was apparently written during the first century before Jesus Christ. The majority of Bible scholars believe the Book of Enoch has not truly been written by Enoch himself. No Hebrew version is known. It is extant only in the Ge’ez, an Ethiopic language.

The Muratorian Fragment is a copy of perhaps the oldest known list of the books of the New Testament, left for us by several of the early fathers and the book of Enoch has not been included. Some of the Bible books were later also challenged but never with success as God would never allow them to be taken from His Word.

Some have speculated that Jude 14-15 is a quote from the book of Enoch (1:9) and concluded that Jude regarded Enoch as scripture. Careful examination of the two passages reveals some differences. First, Jude refers to”thousands” of angels, but Enoch refers to “millions.” Jude says that God will “convict” all of the ungodly, but Enoch says that they will be “destroyed.” To use this one piece of scripture to justify the argument that the book of Enoch should form part of the Bible, is dangerous in any case.

Jude’s quote is not the only quote in the Bible from a non-biblical source. The Apostle Paul also quotes Epimenides in Titus 1:12 but that does not mean we should give any additional authority to Epimenides’ writings.

Dr. Gerhard Pfandl, from the Biblical Research Institute, lists the following reasons for why this pseudepigraphal book isn’t included in the biblical canon:
1. The last book of the Old Testament, Malachi, was written about 450 B.C. Enoch was written in the first century B.C. Jews believed that inspiration ceased with Malachi. They did not consider the book of Enoch inspired.
2. Christians agree that the Old and New Testaments — all 66 books — are inspired by God. Additionally, the apostles recognized these books as inspired by the Holy Spirit (2 Peter 1:21 2 Timothy 3:16). All others, including the book of Enoch, were rejected as not having been inspired by the Holy Spirit.
3. The book of Enoch is not in harmony with the rest of Scripture. Here are some examples:
a. The story of angels having sex with women contradicts Jesus’ saying in Matthew 22:30: “For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels of God in heaven” (Mat 22:30 NKJV). This means angels are not sexual beings.
b. Eighteen of these angels are listed by name in Enoch 6:3, 8; their leader is Semyaz. Not one of these names appears in the Bible. The giants they produce were 450 feet tall (Enoch 7:2). “These [giants] consumed the produce of all the people until the people detested feeding them. So the giants turned against [the people] in order to eat them” (7:3, 4). This is rather fanciful and against Scripture.
c. In Enoch 10:4, 5, “The Lord said to Raphael [a good angel] ‘Bind Azaz’el [an evil angel] hand and foot [and] throw him into the darkness!’ And he made a hole in the desert which was in Duda’el and cast him there; he threw on top of him rugged and sharp rocks.” According to Enoch, you can bind angels by throwing them into a hole in the desert. There is no such thing in the Bible.
d. In chapter 13, Enoch intercedes for Azaz’el. Totally unbiblical.

“Many more fanciful and weird stories are contained in the book,” says Dr. Pfandl. “Jews and Christians, therefore, never considered the book as inspired by the Holy Spirit.”

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